BETWEEN " EVERLASTING LIGHT” AND " DARKNESS AND DISTANCE” AS MAIN SYMBOLS IN MARY SHELLEY'S FRANKENSTEIN, OR THE MODERN PROMETHEUS
by Nikolay Valeriev Nikolov
Captain Walton is wind-surfing to the " region of beauty and delight, ” which is just how he imagines the North Pole. He endeavours to " individuals undiscovered solitudes” and exclaims: " What may not be expected in a country of everlasting light? ” He is seeking something uncommon to get ordinary people on the one hand, and something possible from rational point of view one the other side of the coin. Another " wayfarer” is usually Victor Frankenstein, who is striving for " timeless light, ” but in another aspect. Dr. murphy is the " Modern Prometheus, ” longing to " dump a torrent of light into our darker world, ” while making a human being – a deed, which is intrinsic to Our god (26). His creation is definitely the third individual in the " journey” to " eternal light. ” He is unnamed, or more known as the creature, the list, the wretch, or the one particular with " unearthly ugliness” (55). Victor's creation also dreams for " timeless light” in the meaning of pure appreciate or happiness, but he is compelled to adhere to the opposite direction – to " darkness and distance” (134). The three satisfy each other in the " land of mist and snow, ” where their " journey” ends, where the edge between likely and common lies, between dream and reality, between genius and mankind, among God and mankind, among " a country of endless light” and " darkness and distance. ”
The character, accountable for the novel's crisis, is Victor Frankenstein, a student in humanities. " A possible interpretation of the name Victor derives through the poem Paradisepoker Lost by simply John Milton, a great affect on Shelley (a quotation from Paradise Lost is definitely on the beginning page of Frankenstein and Shelley possibly allows the monster himself to read it). Milton often refers to God as ‘the Victor' in Paradise Dropped, and Shelley sees Victor as playing God by creating life” (Wikipedia). Being a god Victor is determined to endow the human race: " Yet my center overflowed with kindness, as well as the love of virtue. I had begun life with good-hearted intentions, and thirsted intended for the moment while i should force them in practice, and make me useful to my personal fellow-beings” (50). Moreover, while Prometheus, he gives the universe " a spark of being” (28). Furnishing the world with such extreme electric power Frankenstein is going to take the responsibility of creator that help his gift be valuable not dangerous. However he mishandles this. When he is usually fifteen, he witnesses " a most violent and terrible thunderstorm, ” which will " absolutely destroys” an " older and amazing oak” (18). This event could be interpreted as an rappel to just how pestilential this " spark of being” could be. Because Miglena Nikolchina contends, the " serious ailment” is " inside the man only, undertaking the ‘godlike' function to be a creator, but in various respects premature for it” (57).
The concrete reason for the monster being " spurned for, and started, and trampled on” is definitely his physical ugliness (133). Why Frankenstein's creation is definitely ugly? According to Cvetan Stoyanov, " Ugliness is in fact alienation, drifting away from the vital principle – organic wasn't able to be unattractive, transgressing and killing it can be ugly” (206). Something, frequently cited in connection to Shelley's work is a sentence in which the perfect specialist is identified as a morally perfect person, as a " second founder, faultless Prometheus under the atmosphere of Jupiter” (Shaftsbury 207). In this respect Miglena Nikolchina views Frankenstein as an untalented artist, because he is not " morally perfect” and shows this as a cause of the monster's ugliness. She claims that the Frankenstein's morality is not one of a inventor, but one of an ordinary man. " Frankenstein has not even fancied that love – namely love and only appreciate his creation wants – is the 1st characteristic of creator. ” " Ugliness turns out the sign, left behind by the inventor who infuses life, nevertheless does not have the ability to come to love it and thus calls on death, for this is not really...
Cited: Shelley, Mary. Frankenstein. Literature. org - The web Literature. Last updated Monday, 23-May-2005 15: 56: 05 GMT.
Frankenstein - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. last modified, 20 Come july 1st 2007. 11 August 2007
Николчина, Миглена. Митът за Прометей и поетиката на английския романтизъм.
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Белский, А. А. Английский роман 1800-1810-х годов. Перм, 1968. с. 303.
Shaftsbury, A. Characteristics. 6th edn., 1937, Versus. I, s. 207.